Vincy Chan, Chen Xiong, Angela Colantonio; Patients With Brain Tumors: Who Receives Postacute Occupational Therapy Services?. Am J Occup Ther 2015;69(2):6902290010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.014639
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Data on the utilization of occupational therapy among patients with brain tumors have been limited to those with malignant tumors and small samples of patients outside North America in specialized palliative care settings. We built on this research by examining the characteristics of patients with brain tumors who received postacute occupational therapy services in Ontario, Canada, using health care administrative data. Between fiscal years 2004–2005 and 2008–2009, 3,199 patients with brain tumors received occupational therapy services in the home care setting after hospital discharge; 12.4% had benign brain tumors, 78.2% had malignant brain tumors, and 9.4% had unspecified brain tumors. However, patients with benign brain tumors were older (mean age = 63.3 yr), and a higher percentage were female (65.2%). More than 90% of patients received in-home occupational therapy services. Additional research is needed to examine the significance of these differences and to identify factors that influence access to occupational therapy services in the home care setting.
Additional in-depth research on patients who receive occupational therapy services in the home care setting after discharge from the hospital should be conducted, including predictors of receiving postacute occupational therapy services and discharge destinations for this population
As survival rates increase, occupational therapy may play a greater role in the recovery of clients with brain tumors.
Recognizing the characteristics of clients with different types of brain tumors may assist in the planning of services for this population.
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