Regina A. Abel, Esther Cho, Kelley R. Chadwick-Mansker, Natalia D’Souza, Ashley J. Housten, Allison A. King; Transition Needs of Adolescents With Sickle Cell Disease. Am J Occup Ther 2015;69(2):6902350030. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.013730
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© 2020 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This article describes how adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD) perceive their ability to perform everyday tasks required for transition to adult health care and independent living.
METHOD. The Adolescent Autonomy Checklist (AAC) was adapted to include skills associated with managing SCD (AAC–SCD) and was administered to adolescents during clinic visits. Participants indicated “can do already” or “needs practice” for 100 activities in 12 categories.
RESULTS. Of 122 patients, the percentage of adolescents who needed practice was greatest in living arrangements (38.7%), money management (35.8%), vocational skills (29.6%), and health care skills (25.5%). We found a significant effect of age and of cerebrovascular injury on the percentage of those who reported “needs practice” in multiple categories. We found no effect of gender and limited effect of hemoglobin phenotype on any skill category.
CONCLUSION. Findings support the need for educational intervention to improve transition skills in adolescents with SCD.
Health care: Teach adolescents to schedule appointments, manage medication, and request medical tests
Money management: Help adolescents open a bank account and create a budget
Vocational skills: Teach résumé preparation and interview skills
Education: Assist adolescents in learning to self-advocate.
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