Miho Asano, Katharine Preissner, Rose Duffy, Maggie Meixell, Marcia Finlayson; Goals Set After Completing a Teleconference-Delivered Program for Managing Multiple Sclerosis Fatigue. Am J Occup Ther 2015;69(3):6903290010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.015370
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Setting goals can be a valuable skill to self-manage multiple sclerosis (MS) fatigue. A better understanding of the goals set by people with MS after completing a fatigue management program can assist health care professionals with tailoring interventions for clients. This study aimed to describe the focus of goals set by people with MS after a teleconference-delivered fatigue management program and to evaluate the extent to which participants were able to achieve their goals over time. In total, 485 goals were set by 81 participants. Over a follow-up period, 64 participants rated 284 goals regarding progress made toward goal achievement. Approximately 50% of the rated goals were considered achieved. The most common type of goal achieved was that of instrumental activities of daily living. Short-term goals were more likely to be achieved. This study highlights the need for and importance of promoting and teaching goal-setting skills to people with MS.
Setting short- and long-term goals will help you to continue incorporating change into your lifestyle. Goals will help you use the information from the program and continue to apply it. It is important that your goals are realistic and achievable and that they are not dependent on other people. Your goals should include a plan for achievement and have a clearly defined endpoint.
Occupational therapy practitioners need to focus on the application of fatigue management strategies to IADLs rather than ADLs.
Occupational therapy practitioners need to develop mechanisms that would enable long-term follow-up and periodic support for clients after intervention.
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