Tri Budi Santoso, Yuko Ito, Nobuo Ohshima, Mikiyo Hidaka, Peter Bontje; Resilience in Daily Occupations of Indonesian Mothers of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Am J Occup Ther 2015;69(5):6905185020. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.017566
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© 2021 American Occupational Therapy Association
This qualitative study investigated how resilience functions in the context of daily occupations for mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Fourteen mothers of children with ASD participated in two focus groups that were used to elicit stories of the mothers’ resilience in daily occupations. A constant comparative method was used for data analysis. A model of resilience in daily occupations of mothers of children with ASD was developed consisting of four categories: (1) creating and re-creating accepting conditions, (2) finding solutions, (3) striving for balance among daily occupations, and (4) thinking about the child’s future. Sources of resilience were found to reside in both the mothers themselves and their social environments. Occupational therapy practitioners can use these findings in developing supportive approaches aimed at mothers, family members, and other people in the lives of children with ASD.
At that time, my son was 5 years old and hyperactive, . . . but when he reached 6 years old, . . . my husband just kept quiet. . . . I cried for 2 years. . . . So one thing that made me annoyed was not my child but my husband. . . . Finally, with extraordinary effort, I involved my husband in caring for my child.
Providing instruction to family members, teachers, and friends of the child with ASD;
Educating families about how resilience functions in daily occupations and where to obtain resources for support services, perhaps through groups that include mothers of children with ASD, their family members, and other involved persons and that use peer support principles; and
Providing skills training in mitigating problems in mothers’ daily occupations, establishing balance in daily occupations, and preparing for the child’s future.
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