Catherine Demers, Isabelle Gélinas, Anne-Sophie Carret; Activities of Daily Living in Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumor. Am J Occup Ther 2015;70(1):7001220040. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2016.014993
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© 2020 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This cross-sectional, descriptive study evaluated the performance in activities of daily living (ADLs) of youth and young adult survivors of childhood brain tumor (BT) and explored associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
METHOD. Thirty-six participants were examined using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to evaluate their quality of ADL task performance and the Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF–12) to evaluate HRQoL.
RESULTS. Participants had significantly lower performance in ADLs compared with age norms (p < .05), and their functional level was positively associated with the SF–12 Physical (r 2 = .5) and Mental (r 2 = .3) scales.
CONCLUSION. Participants had significant limitations in both motor and process skills, which affected their performance in ADLs. Study results emphasize the importance of long-term follow-up and rehabilitation services aimed at improving the functional level and HRQoL of BT survivors.
Occupational therapy practitioners can use objective, performance-based measures to gain a more comprehensive understanding of performance of ADLs in survivors of childhood cancer.
Timely evaluation and intervention in occupational therapy could help survivors of childhood BT achieve optimal independence, participation, and HRQoL.
Increased awareness of the potential for functional limitations of BT survivors may increase access and utilization of occupational therapy services.
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