Sophia Vardaki, Anne E. Dickerson, Ion Beratis, George Yannis, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou; Simulator Measures and Identification of Older Drivers With Mild Cognitive Impairment. Am J Occup Ther 2016;70(2):7002270030p1-7002270030p10. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2016.017673.
Download citation file:
© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
This study examined whether a sign recall task on a driving simulator, self-report of driving ability, or age predicted differences in performance between drivers with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and control participants. For the dependent measure, gathered using a driving simulator, working memory was subjected to interference at varying levels of driving task demands. Reliable between-groups differences in sign recall accuracy were demonstrated; recall declined under higher task demands. Recall scores, self-reported frequency of avoiding driving, and driver age did not predict MCI; only self-reported decline in global driving ability was significant. Findings support the use of driving simulators in practice and suggest that screening for age-related cognitive impairment should incorporate self-reported changes in driving proficiency for early identification of drivers who merit medical review. The results, although exploratory, have implications for practitioners.
For full access to this article, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only
For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.