Free
Poster Session
Issue Date: July 01, 2015
Published Online: February 09, 2016
Updated: January 01, 2020
Early Therapy Services After NICU Discharge: Relationships to Outcome
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Translational Research
Poster Session   |   July 01, 2015
Early Therapy Services After NICU Discharge: Relationships to Outcome
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2015, Vol. 69, 6911520078. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.69S1-PO1119
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2015, Vol. 69, 6911520078. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.69S1-PO1119
Abstract

Date Presented 4/16/2015

This research project investigated (1) the use and frequency of early therapy services in the first 2 yr of life following neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge and (2) the relationships between early therapy services and 2-yr developmental outcomes of preterm infants. This research project will advance the field of occupational therapy by building evidence to support the use of early therapy services during the first 2 yr of life. The findings of this study can aid the understanding of the optimal time to enroll children in early therapy services as well as can define the benefits of services for improving outcome. Such evidence could affect policy and service utilization.

In this research project, I investigated (1) the use and frequency of early therapy services in the first 2 yr of life following neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge and (2) the relationships between early therapy services and 2-yr developmental outcomes of preterm infants. Infants born at less than 30 wk gestational age were enrolled at birth. Medical factors and sociodemographics were collected through medical records and parent report. After discharge, naturally occurring early therapy utilization was tracked through the state of Missouri early intervention provider, medical records, and parent report. At age 2 yr, infants returned for developmental testing using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (3rd ed.) and the Infant–Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment.
This research project will advance the field of occupational therapy by building evidence to support the use of early therapy services during the first 2 yr of life. The findings of this study can aid the understanding of the optimal time at which to enroll children in early therapy services and can define the benefits of services for improving outcomes. Such evidence could affect policy and service utilization.