Julie Kugel, Crystal Hemberger, Dragana Krpalek, Heather Javaherian-Dysinger; Occupational Therapy Wellness Program: Youth and Parent Perspectives. Am J Occup Ther 2016;70(5):7005180010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2016.021642
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© 2021 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. In this study, we explored the impact of an occupational therapy wellness program on daily habits and routines through the perspectives of youth and their parents.
METHOD. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with children and their parents, the Pizzi Healthy Weight Management Assessment©, and program activities.
RESULTS. Three themes emerged from the interviews: Program Impact, Lessons Learned, and Time as a Barrier to Health. The most common areas that both youth and parents wanted to change were time spent watching television and play, fun, and leisure time. Analysis of activity pie charts indicated that the youth considerably increased active time in their daily routines from Week 1 to Week 6 of the program.
CONCLUSION. An occupational therapy program focused on health and wellness may help youth and their parents be more mindful of their daily activities and make health behavior changes.
Community-based occupational therapy programs can affect daily habits and routines of youth and their families.
The PHWMA is a useful clinical tool for facilitating occupation-centered behavior changes for youth and their families for the treatment and prevention of obesity (for more information regarding the PHWMA, contact Michael Pizzi at firstname.lastname@example.org).
Enabling youth with family-centered ideas for physical exercise can create more active time in their days and reduce sedentary screen time.
Empowering youth with easy and practical ideas can encourage them to incorporate health-promoting occupations into their daily routines.
Understanding the impact of socioeconomic status is important when providing community programming; youth from affluent families may face unique challenges related to time use, habits, and occupational routines. Conversely, these families may not be restricted by the availability and cost of healthy food.
Future research would benefit from including an exploration of occupational routines and habits related to socioeconomic status.
Future programming, intervention, and research should use a family-centered approach.
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