Susan M. Cahill, Katie M. Polo, Brad E. Egan, Nadia Marasti; Interventions to Promote Diabetes Self-Management in Children and Youth: A Scoping Review. Am J Occup Ther 2016;70(5):7005180020. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2016.021618
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© 2021 American Occupational Therapy Association
As children and youth with diabetes grow up, they become increasingly responsible for controlling and monitoring their condition. We conducted a scoping review to explore the research literature on self-management interventions for children and youth with diabetes. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. Some of the studies reviewed combined the participant population so that children with Type 1 as well as children with Type 2 diabetes were included. The majority of the studies focused on children age 14 yr or older and provided self-management education, self-management support, or both. Parent involvement was a key component of the majority of the interventions, and the use of technology was evident in 3 studies. The findings highlight factors that occupational therapy practitioners should consider when working with pediatric diabetes teams to select self-management interventions.
The data collected through the study were focused on outcomes designed to measure gains in the child’s or adolescent’s performance related to one or more self-management skills or behaviors or the perceptions of the child or youth or adults regarding the child’s or youth’s gains in self-management skills.
The study included children or youth with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
The study was published in a peer-reviewed publication.
The study was published between 2005 and April 2015.
The study was written in English.
Consider interventions that are designed to promote the development of self-management skills in children with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
Address self-management readiness skills of children with diabetes younger than age 14 yr.
Provide self-management education and self-management support to children who are age 14 yr or older.
Involve parents or primary caregivers in self-management education and self-management support interventions.
Consider integrating the use of technology in the self-management intervention.
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