Erna Imperatore Blanche, Megan C. Chang, Juliana Gutiérrez, Janet S. Gunter; Effectiveness of a Sensory-Enriched Early Intervention Group Program for Children With Developmental Disabilities. Am J Occup Ther 2016;70(5):7005220010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2016.018481
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OBJECTIVE. The study’s objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Interdisciplinary Sensory-Enriched Early Intervention (ISEEI) group program for children with developmental delays.
METHOD. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 63 children ages 18–36 mo who participated in ISEEI. We evaluated participants with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III (Bayley–III) and the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) at enrollment and after 3–9 mo. We conducted a paired t test to examine changes in the Bayley–III between pre- and posttests.
RESULTS. At enrollment, 70% of children presented atypical scores in two or more areas of sensory processing in the ITSP. Results revealed that children with sensory processing difficulties demonstrated significant improvement in all areas of development except fine motor skills; children without sensory processing difficulties showed significant improvement in language and cognition.
CONCLUSION. The ISEEI group program is an effective method to ameliorate developmental delays.
Children with developmental delays need to be identified and given interventions early. Occupational therapists need to be part of the teams that identify these children.
Understanding sensory processing and its effect on development is crucial in EI.
Systematic assessment of sensory processing and development is necessary in the delivery of any program and particularly in EI.
Systematizing interventions so that they can be reproduced helps develop the evidence for the effectiveness of occupational therapy.
Using sensory-enriched environments in EI can produce change in the developmental curve as measured by the Bayley–III.
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