Research Article  |   July 2017
Systematic Review of Occupational Therapy in the Treatment of Addiction: Models, Practice, and Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Author Affiliations
  • Gloria Rojo-Mota, PhD, is Associate Professor, King Juan Carlos University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, and Occupational Therapist, Institute of Addictions, Madrid Salud, Madrid, Spain; gloriaroj@yahoo.es
  • Eduardo J. Pedrero-Pérez, PhD, is Technical Researcher, Department of Evaluation and Quality, Teaching and Research Unit of Madrid Salud, Madrid Salud, Madrid, Spain
  • Elisabet Huertas-Hoyas, PhD, is Professor, King Juan Carlos University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Mental Health / Professional Issues / Centennial Topics
Research Article   |   July 2017
Systematic Review of Occupational Therapy in the Treatment of Addiction: Models, Practice, and Qualitative and Quantitative Research
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2017, Vol. 71, 7105100030p1-7105100030p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.022061
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2017, Vol. 71, 7105100030p1-7105100030p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.022061
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The authors conducted a systematic review of theoretical models, professional practice, and research findings to understand occupational therapy’s role in the treatment of addiction.

METHOD. PubMed, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, ERIC, OTseeker, and Google Scholar were searched to identify scientific journal articles, book chapters, or any other similar literature published from 1970 through July 2015 that addressed theoretical approaches, intervention models, and professional roles or were qualitative or quantitative studies in which occupational therapy had a central role.

RESULTS. The literature search yielded 16 theoretical and professional role studies, 8 qualitative studies, and 14 quantitative studies. All studies had low levels of evidence, and all were case series, sometimes with very small samples.

CONCLUSION. Although occupational therapy has been involved in the treatment of people with substance addiction and, more recently, with behavioral addictions for more than half a century, the research that has been published is poor.