Research Article  |   July 2017
Assistive Technology Addressing Safety Issues in Dementia: A Scoping Review
Author Affiliations
  • Mireille Gagnon-Roy, M.Sc., is Occupational Therapist, School of Rehabilitation, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada; mireille.gagnon-roy@usherbrooke.ca
  • Annick Bourget, PhD, is Occupational Therapist, School of Rehabilitation, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
  • Stéphanie Stocco, M.Sc., is Occupational Therapist, School of Rehabilitation, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
  • Annie-Claude Lemieux Courchesne, M.Sc., is Occupational Therapist, CIUSSS de l’Estrie-CHUS, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
  • Nicolas Kuhne, PhD, is Professor, Faculty of Health, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Delémont, Jura, Switzerland
  • Véronique Provencher, PhD, is Assistant Professor, School of Rehabilitation, University of Sherbrooke, and Researcher, Research Center on Aging, Eastern Townships Integrated University Centre for Health and Social Services, Sherbrooke Hospital University Centre, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
Article Information
Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia / Assistive Technology / Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Neurologic Conditions / Special Issue: Research Articles
Research Article   |   July 2017
Assistive Technology Addressing Safety Issues in Dementia: A Scoping Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2017, Vol. 71, 7105190020p1-7105190020p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.025817
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July 2017, Vol. 71, 7105190020p1-7105190020p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.025817
Abstract

Safety is an issue for older adults with dementia because they are at risk for various incidents. Intelligent assistive technology (IAT) may mitigate risks while promoting independence and reducing the impact on the caregiver of supporting a relative with dementia. The aim of this scoping review was to describe IATs and to identify factors to consider when selecting one. A systematic search was performed of the scientific and gray literature published between 2000 and 2015. A total of 31 sources were included. Four types of IATs were identified as addressing safety issues in dementia: monitoring technologies, tracking and tagging technologies, smart homes, and cognitive orthoses. Characteristics of the device and ethical considerations emerged as key factors to consider when selecting one. IATs yield promising results but pose various challenges, such as adapting to the evolution of dementia. Further research on their actual impact is needed.