Research Article  |   October 2017
Handwriting and Common Core State Standards: Teacher, Occupational Therapist, and Administrator Perceptions From New York State Public Schools
Author Affiliations
  • Debra Collette, OTD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sage Colleges Graduate School, Troy, NY; colled@sage.edu
  • Kylie Anson, MS, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Select Rehabilitation, Troy, NY. At the time of the study, she was student, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sage Colleges Graduate School, Troy, NY
  • Nora Halabi, MS, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Memorial Regional Hospital South, Hollywood, FL. At the time of the study, she was student, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sage Colleges Graduate School, Troy, NY
  • April Schlierman, MS, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Springbrook, Oneonta, NY. At the time of the study, she was student, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sage Colleges Graduate School, Troy, NY
  • Allison Suriner, MS, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Bethel Rehabilitation and Nursing Center, Croton-on-Hudson, NY. At the time of the study, she was student, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sage Colleges Graduate School, Troy, NY
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / School-Based Practice / Children and Youth
Research Article   |   October 2017
Handwriting and Common Core State Standards: Teacher, Occupational Therapist, and Administrator Perceptions From New York State Public Schools
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 2017, Vol. 71, 7106220010p1-7106220010p9. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.021808
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 2017, Vol. 71, 7106220010p1-7106220010p9. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.021808
Abstract

Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children’s written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children’s written expression. Themes emerged revealing decreased handwriting instruction time and inconsistent use of handwriting instructional programs in the classroom after implementation of Common Core. Handwriting should be considered as a greater component in the foundational standards in Common Core. Occupational therapy services can support handwriting instruction implementation.