Research Article  |   November 2017
Technology and Occupation: Past, Present, and the Next 100 Years of Theory and Practice
Author Affiliations
  • Roger O. Smith, PhD, OT, FAOTA, RESNA Fellow, is Professor, Department of Occupational Science and Technology, College of Health Sciences, and Director, Rehabilitation Research Design & Disability (R2D2) Center, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, and President, Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America, Arlington, VA; smithro@uwm.edu
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability
Research Article   |   November 2017
Technology and Occupation: Past, Present, and the Next 100 Years of Theory and Practice
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 2017, Vol. 71, 7106150010p1-7106150010p15. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.716003
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 2017, Vol. 71, 7106150010p1-7106150010p15. doi:10.5014/ajot.2017.716003
Abstract

During the first 100 years of occupational therapy, the profession developed a remarkable practice and theory base. All along, technology was an active and core component of practice, but often technology was mentioned only as an adjunct component of therapy and as if it was a specialty. This lecture proposes a new foundational theory that places technology at the heart of occupational therapy as a fundamental part of human occupation and the human experience. Moreover, this new Metaphysical Physical–Emotive Theory of Occupation pushes the occupational therapy profession and the occupational science discipline to overtly consider occupation on the level of a metaphysical-level reality. The presentation of this theory at the Centennial of the profession charges the field to test and further define the theory over the next 100 years and to leverage technology and its role in optimizing occupational performance into the future.