Research Article  |   January 2018
Interventions for Women With Substance Abuse Issues: A Scoping Review
Author Affiliations
  • Alison Leppard, MScOT, OT Reg. (Ont.), is Occupational Therapist, Brockville General Hospital, Brockville, Ontario, Canada, and Private Practice, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. At the time of this study, she was Professional Master’s Student, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Margaret Ramsay, MScOT, OT Reg. (Ont.), is Occupational Therapist, Private Practice, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; margramsay@gmail.com. At the time of this study, she was Professional Master’s Student, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Andrea Duncan, BScOT, MBA, OT Reg. (Ont.), is Lecturer, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Cindy Malachowski, BKin, BHScOT, MScRehab, PhD, OT Reg. (Ont.), is Adjunct Faculty Member, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. At the time of this study, she was Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • Jane A. Davis, MSc, OT Reg. (Ont.), OTR, is Lecturer, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Mental Health / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 2018
Interventions for Women With Substance Abuse Issues: A Scoping Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205030p1-7202205030p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.022863
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205030p1-7202205030p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.022863
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The aim of this scoping review was to describe the characteristics and features of substance abuse interventions for women in North America and discuss the findings from an occupational perspective.

METHOD. A scoping review was conducted to examine North American peer-reviewed literature published between 2001 and 2014. Four databases were searched using terms related to intervention, substance abuse, and women only. Descriptive statistics of categorical groupings were used to describe the data sources and characteristics and features of the interventions.

RESULTS. Forty-two articles met the inclusion criteria, with the majority citing a harm-reduction approach and using multifaceted interventions with various targets for change.

CONCLUSION. Substance abuse interventions for women are typically multifaceted and follow a harm-reduction philosophy. Further research into the efficacy of interventions that more specifically target occupation beyond substance use is needed.