Research Article  |   January 2018
Impact of an Activity-Based Program on Health, Quality of Life, and Occupational Performance of Women Diagnosed With Cancer
Author Affiliations
  • Colleen Maher, OTD, OTR/L, CHT, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Samson College of Health Sciences, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; c.maher@usciences.edu
  • Rochelle J. Mendonca, PhD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Article Information
Health and Wellness / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 2018
Impact of an Activity-Based Program on Health, Quality of Life, and Occupational Performance of Women Diagnosed With Cancer
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205040p1-7202205040p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.023663
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205040p1-7202205040p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.023663
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We evaluated the impact of a 1-wk activity program on the health, quality of life (QOL), and occupational performance of community-living women diagnosed with cancer.

METHOD. A one-group pretest–posttest repeated-measures design was used. Participants completed a functional health measure (36-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF–36]), a QOL measure (World Health Organization Quality of Life–Brief version [WHOQOL–BREF]), and an occupational performance and satisfaction measure (Canadian Occupational Performance Measure [COPM]) before and 6 wk after program completion. The COPM was also administered on Day 5.

RESULTS. Paired t tests for the SF–36 and WHOQOL–BREF showed no significant differences, except for the WHOQOL–BREF’s Social Relationships subscale (p < .008). Repeated-measures analyses of variance showed a significant difference in COPM performance and satisfaction scores (p < .001).

CONCLUSION. The activity program effectively improved occupational performance and satisfaction and social relationships of community-living women diagnosed with cancer.