Research Article  |   January 2018
Effectiveness of the Co-PID for Students With Moderate Intellectual Disability
Author Affiliations
  • Efrat Selanikyo, PhD, is Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Professions, Ono Academic College, Kiryat Ono, Israel
  • Naomi Weintraub, PhD, is Head, Neurodevelopmental and Writing Research Laboratory, Hadassah School of Occupational Therapy, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
  • Shira Yalon-Chamovitz, PhD, OTR, is Dean of Students, Ono Academic College, Kiryat Ono, Israel; shirayc2@gmail.com
Article Information
Intellectual Disabilities / School-Based Practice / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 2018
Effectiveness of the Co-PID for Students With Moderate Intellectual Disability
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205090p1-7202205090p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.024109
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2018, Vol. 72, 7202205090p1-7202205090p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.024109
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We aimed to corroborate the effectiveness of the Collaborative Consultation for Participation of Students With Intellectual Disability (Co-PID), intended for enhancing participation in classroom-related activities.

METHOD. The study took place in two special education schools and included students with moderate intellectual and developmental disabilities ages 7–20 yr. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (Co-PID; n = 28 students, n = 4 teachers) and control (In-Service [IS]; n = 32 students, n = 7 teachers) groups. Participation was evaluated at pre- and posttest of an 8-mo intervention.

RESULTS. The Co-PID improved students’ ability to choose among provided options. Additionally, the Co-PID group achieved more goals (measured by goal attainment scaling) than the IS group in all participation areas, and their enhanced participation transferred to other school environments (as measured by the School Function Assessment).

CONCLUSION. The Co-PID was found to be an effective program for enhancing classroom and school participation.