Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin M. Newman, Peter A. Kaufman, Martha L. Bruce, Diane M. Stearns, Frederick Lansigan, Mary Chamberlin, Stephen J. Bartels, Jessica Whipple, Mark T. Hegel; Goal Attainment and Goal Adjustment of Older Adults During Person-Directed Cancer Rehabilitation. Am J Occup Ther 2018;72(2):7202205110. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.023648
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© 2019 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. In this pilot study of a home-based occupational therapy intervention intended to reduce disability and improve quality of life, our objective was to identify rates of goal attainment and patterns of goal adjustment of participants.
METHOD. Thirty older adults with cancer were randomized to the intervention arm, and 24 participants identified goals and completed the six-session intervention. An exploratory content analysis of qualitative and quantitative session data was performed.
RESULTS. Participants set 63 6-wk goals and attained 62% of them. Most of the goals addressed walking (28%), sedentary leisure (24%), exercising (16%), or instrumental activities of daily living (14%). When 6-wk goals were not attained (n = 24), there were 10 instances of goal disengagement and 14 instances of goal reengagement.
CONCLUSION. Although most participants were able to meet their goals, many also changed their goals and priorities after reflection and attempts to resume or initiate meaningful activities.
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