Research Article  |   May 2018
Occupational Therapy Practitioners’ Perspectives on Occupation-Based Interventions for Clients With Hip Fracture
Author Affiliations
  • Carin Wong, MS, is PhD Candidate, Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles; carinwon@usc.edu
  • Brenda Fagan, OTR/L, is Project Manager, Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
  • Natalie E. Leland, PhD, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Article Information
Musculoskeletal Impairments / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Research Articles
Research Article   |   May 2018
Occupational Therapy Practitioners’ Perspectives on Occupation-Based Interventions for Clients With Hip Fracture
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 2018, Vol. 72, 7204205050p1-7204205050p7. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.026492
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 2018, Vol. 72, 7204205050p1-7204205050p7. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.026492
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Occupational engagement is the foundation of occupational therapy. We identified perspectives of 18 occupational therapy practitioners on integrating occupation-based interventions during postacute care (PAC) rehabilitation for persons with hip fracture to identify occupational therapy’s distinct contribution.

METHOD. We conducted six focus groups derived from a purposive national sample of occupational therapy practitioners (N = 18). A secondary analysis was conducted to analyze the transcripts for major subthemes around occupation-based interventions.

RESULTS. Three major themes arose from practitioners’ perspectives regarding the role of occupation in rehabilitation: (1) conducting an occupational profile, (2) integrating occupation-based intervention in the facility, and (3) identifying goals for occupational engagement after discharge. Challenges and strategies for integrating occupation-based interventions were also identified.

CONCLUSION. Identifying practitioners’ perspectives on integrating occupation into rehabilitation may inform strategies to facilitate occupation-based interventions in PAC and define occupational therapy’s role in this setting.