Research Article  |   November 2018
Perception of Aversive Auditory Stimuli Is Different in Sensory Modulation Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Author Affiliations
  • Tal Mazor-Karsenty, PhD, OT, is Teaching Fellow, School of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; tal.mazor-karse@mail.huji.ac.il
  • Lilach Shalev, PhD, is Professor, School of Education and School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Shula Parush, PhD, OT, is Professor Emeritus, School of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
  • Yoram Bonneh, PhD, is Visiting Scientist, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Bar-Ilan University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Article Information
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 2018
Perception of Aversive Auditory Stimuli Is Different in Sensory Modulation Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 2018, Vol. 72, 7206205020p1-7206205020p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.022327
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 2018, Vol. 72, 7206205020p1-7206205020p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2018.022327
Abstract

This study examined whether sensory modulation disorder–sensory overresponsivity (SMD–SOR) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a significant effect on the perception of aversive auditory stimuli. Participants were 66 young adult women. The diagnosis of SOR was made using the Sensory Responsiveness Questionnaire, and ADHD was diagnosed by a qualified psychiatrist or neurologist using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Participants were presented with the Battery of Aversiveness to Sounds, short presentations of daily life sounds, and rated each sound stimulus verbally according to its perceived unpleasantness. Participants with SOR rated low-intensity aversive sounds as significantly more aversive than participants without SOR. High-intensity sounds obtained a marginal significant difference exclusively in participants with ADHD. The perception of aversive auditory stimuli in adults with SOR appears to be unique and different than the profile of adults with ADHD.