Research Article  |   January 2019
Exploring Sensory Processing Dysfunction, Parenting Stress, and Problem Behaviors in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author Affiliations
  • Wei-Chi Chiang, PhD, OT, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. At the time this study was conducted, she was PhD Candidate, School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Mei-Hui Tseng, ScD, OTR, is Professor and Chair, School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, and Director, Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; mhtseng@ntu.edu.tw
  • Chung-Pei Fu, PhD, OT, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, Taiwan.
  • I-Ching Chuang, PhD, OT, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
  • Lu Lu, PhD, MD, is Physician, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Jeng-Yi Shieh, MD, is Physician, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
Article Information
Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / School-Based Practice / Sensory Integration and Processing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 2019
Exploring Sensory Processing Dysfunction, Parenting Stress, and Problem Behaviors in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 2019, Vol. 73, 7301205130p1-7301205130p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.027607
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 2019, Vol. 73, 7301205130p1-7301205130p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.027607
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We examined problem behavior in preschool- and school-age children with autism spectrum disorder and assessed whether sensory processing dysfunction (SPD) and parenting stress were differentially associated with problem behaviors in these groups of children.

METHOD. Participants were 101 preschool- and 61 school-age children. An independent t test was used to examine group differences in problem behaviors. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear regression were conducted to identify associations among SPD, parenting stress, and problem behaviors.

RESULTS. Preschool children had more social withdrawal than school-age children. Moderately negative correlations were found between SPD and problem behaviors among preschool children. Parenting stress was a factor associated with problem behaviors in both groups, whereas SPD was a factor specific to preschoolers.

CONCLUSION. Understanding unique problem behaviors and the significant role of SPD and parenting stress in problem behaviors could help occupational therapy clinicians plan interventions accordingly.