Research Article  |   January 2019
Resting-State Electroencephalography in Participants With Sensory Overresponsiveness: An Exploratory Study
Author Affiliations
  • Yelena Granovsky, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel, and Technion Medical Faculty, Haifa, Israel.
  • Irit Weissman-Fogel, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
  • Tami Bar-Shalita, PhD, is Lecturer, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine and Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; tbshalita@post.tau.ac.il
Article Information
Arthritis / Complementary/Alternative Approaches / Ethics / Hand and Upper Extremity / Health and Wellness / Mental Health / Musculoskeletal Impairments / Neurologic Conditions / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Sensory Integration and Processing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   January 2019
Resting-State Electroencephalography in Participants With Sensory Overresponsiveness: An Exploratory Study
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2019, Vol. 73, 7301205100p1-7301205100p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.029231
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 2019, Vol. 73, 7301205100p1-7301205100p11. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.029231
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. People with sensory overresponsiveness (SOR) perceive nonpainful stimuli as noxious and demonstrate hyperalgesia and lingering sensation to laboratory pain stimuli. Electroencephalography (EEG) of cortical activity at rest is widely used to explore endophenotypes but has not yet been tested in people with SOR. Therefore, we investigated the characteristics of resting-state EEG in participants with SOR.

METHOD. Resting-state EEG (5-min, eyes-closed recording) was compared in participants with (n = 9) and without (n = 12) SOR.

RESULTS. Participants with SOR demonstrated a global reduction of the EEG activity, including significantly lower θ and α1 activity as well as faster peak α frequency. Higher sensory-responsiveness scores were associated with high peak α power in participants without SOR.

CONCLUSION. Reduced α activity is commonly interpreted as an electrophysiological indicator of arousal and sensitivity to pain. The EEG pattern of response may partly explain the reported ongoing daily alertness to environmental stimuli in participants with SOR.