Research Article  |   February 2019
Vehicle Modification Prescription: Australian Occupational Therapy Consensus-Based Guidelines
Author Affiliations
  • Marilyn Di Stefano, PhD, CertErg, GradDipErg, BAppSc (OT), is Senior Policy and Project Officer, VicRoads, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. At the time of the research, she was Senior Lecturer, LaTrobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; marilyn.distefano@roads.vic.gov.au
  • Rwth Stuckey, PhD, MPH, GradDipErg, BAppSc (OT), is Senior Lecturer, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
  • Natasha Kinsman, MND, BSc, BA (Social Science), is Research Assistant, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
  • Katrina Lavender, BApp Sci (OT), was Research Assistant, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, at the time of the study.
Article Information
Community Mobility and Driving / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 2019
Vehicle Modification Prescription: Australian Occupational Therapy Consensus-Based Guidelines
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 2019, Vol. 73, 7302205140p1-7302205140p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.024331
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 2019, Vol. 73, 7302205140p1-7302205140p10. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.024331
Abstract

Vehicle modifications are often essential to ensure that drivers with disabilities can drive independently and safely. Occupational therapy driver assessors and driver rehabilitation specialists routinely prescribe vehicle modifications on the basis of individualized evaluations and support by rehabilitation interventions. After a literature review and consultation with stakeholders, we identified a resource gap in information to support an evidence-based process for vehicle modification prescription. Using an action research approach, we established content validity for draft guideline items and developed consensus-based draft guidelines for vehicle modification prescription that are ready for trialing by occupational therapy driver assessors. We also propose a practice model for vehicle modification prescription that is applicable to international contexts.