Evguenia S. Popova, Rikki K. Ostrowski, Jennifer J. Wescott, Renée R. Taylor; Development and Validation of the Occupational Self-Assessment–Short Form (OSA–SF). Am J Occup Ther 2019;73(3):7303205020. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.030288
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Importance: The Occupational Self-Assessment, Version 2.2 (OSA 2.2), is a client-centered measure of clients’ perceived occupational competence and value. The OSA 2.2 has previously demonstrated good structural validity and internal consistency; however, the administration length could deter therapists from using this assessment in acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation.
Objective: To evaluate reliability and validity of the OSA 2.2 in acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation and to develop and validate the OSA–Short Form (OSA–SF).
Design: We performed a descriptive psychometric analysis using the Rasch analytic approach.
Setting: The data were collected in acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation.
Participants: Our convenience sample consisted of 86 patients in acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation.
Outcomes and Measures: Participants rated their perceived occupational competence and value by completing the OSA 2.2.
Results: We examined psychometric properties of the OSA 2.2 and OSA–SF using a partial credit Rasch model. The 21-item OSA 2.2 was reduced to a 12-item OSA–SF through iterative removal of items on the basis of item-misfit statistics. The OSA–SF demonstrated adequate rating scale functioning, dimensionality, item and person goodness of fit, item targeting, item hierarchies, and item and person separation.
Conclusions and Relevance: Findings indicate that the OSA–SF is a valid and reliable measure that can guide client-centered goal setting and intervention planning for adults receiving acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation.
What This Article Adds: The OSA 2.2 and the OSA–SF offer a client-centered approach to evaluating patients’ self-reported ability and ratings of the importance of performing everyday occupations. These assessments can guide client-centered goal setting in acute care and acute inpatient rehabilitation.
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