Research Article
Issue Date: November 01, 2019
Published Online: October 08, 2019
Updated: October 08, 2019
Cultural Adaptation of the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile for Spain
Author Affiliations
  • Berta Gándara-Gafo, PhD, OT, is Private Practitioner, Centro de Terapia Ocupacional Infantil TOIS, A Coruña, Spain; bertagandara@gmail.com
  • Sergio Santos-del Riego, PhD, is Professor, Radiology and Physical Medicine, Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
  • Inés Viana-Moldes, BSc OT, BSc Psy, MSc, is PhD Student in Equity and Innovation in Education and Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
  • Javier Muñiz, PhD, is Professor, University Institute of Health Sciences, University Biomedical Research Institute (INIBIC), Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Sensory Integration and Processing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 01, 2019
Cultural Adaptation of the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile for Spain
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2019, Vol. 73, 7306205070. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.031815
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 2019, Vol. 73, 7306205070. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.031815
Abstract

Importance: In Spain, culturally adapted tools are needed to assess sensory processing in adolescents and adults.

Objective: To adapt the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP) so that it is culturally appropriate for use in Spain.

Design: Following standard procedures for cultural adaptation, we completed direct and back translation, conducted cognitive interviews, and examined test–retest reliability.

Participants: Cognitive interviews were conducted with 18 participants ages 11–13 yr. Test–retest reliability was calculated with different samples of 30 participants who were Spanish speaking only and 30 who were Spanish and English speaking.

Results: The cognitive interviews revealed no serious difficulties in comprehension. The linguistic expert made necessary adjustments, and test–retest reliability of items showed low intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs; i.e., <.50) for two items in the monolingual group and five items in the bilingual group. These items were reviewed and revised by the linguistic expert, and subsequent test–retest reliability showed only one item with an ICC of <.50.

Conclusions and Relevance: The cultural adaptation of the AASP for Spain is conceptually and semantically equivalent to the original version and provides a culturally sensitive measure of sensory processing for adolescent and adult Spanish populations.

What This Article Adds: The cultural adaptation of assessment tools is an essential part of occupational therapy clinical intervention. We describe the cultural adaptation to Spain of the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile.