Sharon A. Gutman, Sheetala Balasubramanian, Maya Herzog, Elizabeth Kim, Hannah Swirnow, Yudis Retig, Samantha Wolff; Effectiveness of a Tailored Intervention for Women With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and ADHD Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Study. Am J Occup Ther 2019;74(1):7401205010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.033316
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Importance: Women with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ADHD symptoms may experience difficulty carrying out desired life roles and activities.
Objective: To determine whether a 7-wk tailored occupation-based intervention can reduce perceived stress and ADHD symptoms and enhance perceived performance of and satisfaction with daily roles and activities among women with ADHD.
Design: Randomization to intervention (n = 11) and control (n = 12) groups.
Setting: Home and community.
Participants: Twenty-three participants ages 20–55 yr, English speaking, and with a self-reported diagnosis of ADHD.
Intervention: The intervention was administered for 7 wk in individual 1-hr sessions and addressed routine establishment, organization, time management, stress management, and sensory regulation in the home and community.
Outcomes and Measures: Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure.
Results: At 1-wk postintervention, statistically significant differences were found between intervention and control groups in perceived stress (Z = –3.838, p < .000, d = –2.66), ADHD symptoms (Z = –3.605, p < .000, d = –2.17), and COPM Performance (Z = –4.074, p < .000, d = 3.04) and Satisfaction change scores (Z = –3.759, p < .000, d = 2.82).
Conclusion and Relevance: A 7-wk tailored intervention reduced perceived stress and ADHD symptoms and enhanced perceived performance of and satisfaction with desired occupational roles and activities in a sample of women with ADHD. Further research is warranted to determine whether the intervention can be useful to women with ADHD beyond the present sample.
What This Article Adds: This intervention may offer an effective nonpharmacological option for women with ADHD symptoms.
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