Official Documents
Issue Date: December 2019
Published Online: December 18, 2019
Updated: August 06, 2020
Cognition, Cognitive Rehabilitation, and Occupational Performance
Author Notes
  • Gordon Muir Giles, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Gordon Muir Giles, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    Mary Vining Radomski, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Mary Vining Radomski, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    Timothy J. Wolf, OTD, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Timothy J. Wolf, OTD, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    With contributions to the case studies by
    With contributions to the case studies by×
    Tina Champagne, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Tina Champagne, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    Mary A. Corcoran, PhD, OT/L, FAOTA
    Mary A. Corcoran, PhD, OT/L, FAOTA×
    Heather Miller Kuhaneck, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Heather Miller Kuhaneck, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    M. Tracy Morrison, OTD, OTR/L
    M. Tracy Morrison, OTD, OTR/L×
    Barbara Nadeau, PhD, OTR/L
    Barbara Nadeau, PhD, OTR/L×
    Izel Obermeyer, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Izel Obermeyer, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    Joan Toglia, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
    Joan Toglia, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA×
    for
    for×
    The Commission on Practice
    The Commission on Practice×
    Julie Dorsey, OTD, OTR/L, CEAS, Chairperson
    Julie Dorsey, OTD, OTR/L, CEAS, Chairperson×
  • Adopted by the Representative Assembly Coordinating Council (RACC) for the Representative Assembly, 2019.
    Adopted by the Representative Assembly Coordinating Council (RACC) for the Representative Assembly, 2019.×
  • Note. This revision replaces the 2013 document “Cognition, Cognitive Rehabilitation, and Occupational Performance” previously published and copyrighted in 2013 by the American Occupational Therapy Association in American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, S9–S31. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2013.67S9
    Note. This revision replaces the 2013 document “Cognition, Cognitive Rehabilitation, and Occupational Performance” previously published and copyrighted in 2013 by the American Occupational Therapy Association in American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, S9–S31. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2013.67S9×
Article Information
Education of OTs and OTAs / Home Accessibility/Environmental Modification / Neurologic Conditions / Official Documents / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability
Official Documents   |   December 18, 2019
Cognition, Cognitive Rehabilitation, and Occupational Performance
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2019, Vol. 73, 7312410010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.73S201
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2019, Vol. 73, 7312410010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2019.73S201
Abstract

The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) asserts that occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants, through the use of occupations and activities, facilitate clients’ cognitive functioning to enhance occupational performance, self-efficacy, participation, and perceived quality of life. Cognitive processes are integral to effective performance across the broad range of daily occupations such as work, educational pursuits, home management, and play and leisure. Cognition plays an integral role in human development and in the ability to learn, retain, and use new information to enable occupational performance across the lifespan.

This statement defines the role of occupational therapy in evaluating and addressing cognitive functioning to help clients maintain and improve occupational performance. The intended primary audience is practitioners1  within the profession of occupational therapy. The statement also may be used to inform recipients of occupational therapy services, practitioners in other disciplines, and the wider community regarding occupational therapy theory and methods and to articulate the expertise of occupational therapy practitioners in addressing cognition and challenges in adapting to cognitive dysfunction.