Research Article
Issue Date: May/June 2020
Published Online: April 06, 2020
Updated: April 30, 2020
Sport as a Leisure Occupation in Occupational Therapy Literature: A Scoping Review
Author Affiliations
  • Daniel A. Costalonga, BOccThy (Hon), was Student, School of Health Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, at the time of this research.
  • Alyson J. Crozier, PhD, is Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, and Researcher, Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition, and Activity, University of South Australia, City East Campus, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
  • Brad J. Stenner, PhD, is Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, and Researcher, Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition, and Activity; University of South Australia, City East Campus, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
  • Katherine L. Baldock, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, and Researcher, Australian Centre for Precision Health, University of South Australia, City East Campus, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; katherine.baldock@unisa.edu.au
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Health and Wellness / Mental Health / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 06, 2020
Sport as a Leisure Occupation in Occupational Therapy Literature: A Scoping Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 2020, Vol. 74, 7403205100. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.035949
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 2020, Vol. 74, 7403205100. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.035949
Abstract

Importance: The focus of occupational therapy is often on personal care, life skills, and daily living. Sport, as a type of leisure activity, can also provide benefits to health and well-being. Occupational therapy practitioners should therefore promote the role of sport in the lives of clients.

Objective: To investigate the extent, range, and nature of peer-reviewed occupational therapy literature investigating sport as a leisure occupation.

Data Sources: The following databases were searched: Embase, MEDLINE, OTseeker, PsycINFO, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus.

Study Selection and Data Collection: We identified published studies investigating competitive sport in occupational therapy research or practice. Included studies investigated adult participants (age ≥18 yr) participating in sport, had a clear occupational therapy input, and were written in the English language.

Findings: Six studies met the inclusion criteria. Only 2 of the 6 studies identified through the search strategy were conducted after 2004, diagnosis and outcome measures varied widely, and sport as a leisure occupation was found to have positive individual outcomes.

Conclusions and Relevance: Opportunities exist to investigate sport as a leisure occupation and its involvement in occupational therapy practice. Future research may contribute to positive outcomes and experiences for clients who receive occupational therapy.

What This Article Adds: This scoping review describes literature about sport as an occupation and highlights the opportunities for practitioners and researchers to incorporate sport as a leisure occupation.