Research Article
Issue Date: May/June 2021
Published Online: March 29, 2021
Updated: April 26, 2021
Occupational Therapy–Related Assessments for Adults With Intellectual Disability: A Scoping Review
Author Affiliations
  • Wanda J. Mahoney, PhD, OTR/L, is Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy and Medicine, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; wmahoney@wustl.edu
  • Meghan G. Blaskowitz, DrPH, MOTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Khalilah R. Johnson, PhD, MS, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Health and Wellness / Intellectual Disabilities / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Special Issue: Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 29, 2021
Occupational Therapy–Related Assessments for Adults With Intellectual Disability: A Scoping Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 2021, Vol. 75, 7503180100. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2021.046342
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March 2021, Vol. 75, 7503180100. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2021.046342
Abstract

Importance: Occupational therapy practitioners use structured assessment tools to gather information from adults with intellectual disability (ID) in order to develop the occupational profile, guide occupational therapy intervention, and assess change over time.

Objective: To identify occupational therapy–related tools in the peer-reviewed literature for use in practice with adults with ID.

Data Sources: Peer-reviewed literature published between January 2002 and January 2018 included in CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus.

Study Selection and Data Collection: The review included articles that had information on occupational therapy–related assessment with adults 18 yr or older who had primary or co-occurring ID.

Findings: Fifty-eight articles identified 73 occupational therapy–related assessment tools.

Conclusions and Relevance: This scoping review identified a broad range of assessment tools in the occupational therapy domain that are appropriate for adults with ID, some of which may be unfamiliar to occupational therapy practitioners.

What This Article Adds: This scoping review provides occupational therapy practitioners with a summary of occupational therapy–related assessment tools for adults with ID and an assessment reference guide.